Ngaben is cremation or burial in Bali, Indonesia. Ngaben traditional ceremony is a ritual performed to send the bodies to the next life. In this ceremony, the body is located in the sleeping position. Families left behind will be assumed that the deceased person is asleep. In this ceremony, there were no tears because they consider that the body simply does not exist for a while and undergo reincarnation or'll find the last resting at Moksha is a condition in which the soul is free from the wheel of reincarnation and death. The cremation ceremony also become a symbol to purify the spirit of those who have died.
In the Hindu religion, the human body consists of subtle body (spirit or atma) and the gross body (physical). Gross body formed by five elements known as PancaMahaBhuta. The fifth element is start from the motherland (the land), cassia (fire), apah (water), wind (wind), and akasa (vacuum). Five of these elements forms a physical and then moved by the spirit. If someone dies, the dead body of a ballpark in fact only alone while his spirit is not. Therefore, in order to purify the spirit, it is necessary to separate the cremation ceremony of the spirit with the body of a ballpark.
Ceremony goal NgabenCremation ceremony conceptual meaning and purpose as follows: 1. By burning the bodies or symbolic then sweep the ash into a river or sea have meaning to release the Atma (soul) from the bondage of worldliness that can be easily united with God (MokshatamAtmanam) 2. Burn the bodies is also a series of ceremonies to restore all the elements Panca Most Bhuta (5 elements the human gross body builders) to their respective homelands in order not to hinder the course of Atma to SuniaLoka Part Panca Most Bhuta namely: a. Earth: solid elements that form bone, flesh, nails, etc. b. Apah: liquid elements that make up the blood, saliva, tears, etc. c. Bayu: air elements that form the breath. d. Teja: heat elements that make up the body temperature. e. Akasa: ether element that forms a cavity in the body. 3. For the family, this ceremony is a symbol that the family had been sincere, and let's departure concerned.
About the origin of the word itself Ngaben there are several opinions. Some say that the cremation comes from the word meaning Beya provisions. Some argue from ngabu word meaning to ashes. In addition, some are saying that cremation comes from the word Ngapen the purification by fire. In Hindu belief, the god Brahwa or dwa known as the creator god of fire. Therefore, this ceremony can also be regarded as an attempt to burn the impurities in the form of coarse bodies that are still attached to the spirit and restore the spirit of the Creator.
For the community in Bali, cremation is a happy moment for the ceremony, parents or children have obligations as a member of the family. Therefore, this ceremony is always greeted with joy without sobs. They believe that it is only hamper sobs trip spirits reach nirwana.
The Day appropriate to perform cremation rites are usually discussed with elders or people understood money. Bodies body will be laid in a coffin. This crate placed in a sarcophagus-shaped ox or placed in a container shaped monastery. The container is made of paper and wood. Shape or ox monastery was brought to the place of cremation through a procession. The procession is not running on a straight road as it aims to keep evil spirits from the bodies.