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BESAKIH TEMPLE PLACE

Besakih is the largest temple in Bali which is precisely located in the District of Rendang, Karangasem

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Besakih name itself comes from the word " Basuki " , derived from the words " Wasuki " which means Salvation in Sanskrit . Besakih is a complex place of worship of Hindus . This is where all the action is centered Hindu religious ceremony . This temple is built on the concept of Tri Hita Karana, the concept of balance between man , nature and God .

 

Based on the records contained in the papyrus , that Besakih has existed since the reign of Airlangga in East Java . It is said that according to the story , Hyang Resi Markandya who is a pastor was the first to establish Besakih for places for safety and well-being of local residents and his followers to the Lord .

 

In this place we can see ancient relics hundreds of years old , dating from the megalithic era , such as menhirs , stone throne , pyramid terrace structure . Besakih is located in the village of Besakih , District Rendang Karangasem regency , Bali .Panoramic beauty of its beaches and unique culture , make Bali a favorite destination of tourists from domestic and foreign . Bali dubbed the island of thousand temples are predominantly Hindu . Not a few temples in Bali be a favorite destination of tourists. One of them is the biggest temple in Bali, Besakih . Besakih Temple is located on the slopes of Mount Agung is the highest mountain on the island of Bali . Besakih is the center of activities of the entire temple in Bali . Among all the temples in Besakih, there is the center of all temple in the temple complex Besakih is Penataran . Penataran is the largest temple in Besakih complex and there are 3 statues symbol Stana of Tri Murti , namely Brahma , Vishnu and Shiva who is the symbol of God the Creator, Sustainer and the Deity of Lord Fuser .

 

BESAKIH TEMPLE HISTORY

 

Besakih is the largest temple in Bali which is precisely located in the District of Rendang, Karangasem. First, where before there were only built Besakih timber in a wilderness. Before the Bali strait (Segara Rupek) island of Bali and Java is still the first one and has not been separated by the sea, these islands named Long Island or Pulau Dawa. Somewhere in East Java, Mount Rawang (Mt roar) there is a Yogi or a hermit named Rishi Markandeya. Because the height of science bhatinnya, spiritual sanctity, as well as the skills and wisdom of his then by the people, he was given the nickname of Lord Giri Rawang. At first, Markandeya Rishi meditated in Mount Demulung, then moved to the mountain Hyang (supposedly it is DIYENG Hyang mountain in Central Java, which comes and says DI Hyang). So long he was imprisoned there, got a decree from Hyang Widhi Wasa that he and his followers in the island forests merabas Dawa after completed, so that the land was distributed to his followers. So then he went into Bali with his first numbering 8,000 people with the necessary equipment and tools. Arriving place to go, he ordered his followers to begin to crush the forest. However When merabas forest, many attendants The Yogi Markandeya who are sick and dying, and there also was eaten by wild animals, because it is not preceded by a ceremony yadnya (bebanten / offerings). Then he ordered his followers to stop perambasan. With a heavy heart, he then invited his followers to return to Java. He returned to the place the original hermitage to ask directions to the Hyang Widhi.after some time he was at the retreat, raised ideals back to resume crush the forest. On a good day, he again went into Bali. This time he took his second amount 4000 that came from Aga village is inhabited slopes of Mount Rawung. The group participated in the Pandita or the sage. His followers bring equipment along with farming tools and seed crop to be planted in the new place. After arriving at the destination, Rishi Markandeya immediately tapa yoga meditation together other yogis and offered upakara yadnya of Dewa Yadnya and Blind Yadnya. After the ceremony was over, his followers were put to work to continue perabasan the forest, cutting down trees and others start and south to north. Because it is seen there are enough forests dirabas, then thanks to Asung wara nugraha Hyang Widhi Wasa, the Yogi Markandeya ask order perabasan forest, it stopped and he began to make divisions of land for the followers of each rice fields, tegal and housing. Thus followers of the sage Markandya derived from Aga village (population slopes of Mount Rawung East Java) settled in the place until now. Place the former commencement perambasan the forest by the Rsi / Yogi Markandya plant jug (caratan) containing water with five kinds of metal, namely: gold, silver, copper, bronze and iron called Panca Datu and jewels Mirahadi (ruby major) with sitertai means upakara More and sprinkled pangentas Tirta (holy water). Place the plant 5 metals named Basuki which means congratulations. Why are so called because on arrival Markandya the second Rsi 4000 along with his followers survived not encounter obstacles or disaster as experienced on his first arrival. It was later established palinggih place. Gradually where it subsequently established or heavenly temple named Pura Basukian. This is the forerunner of the temple establishment -pura another temple in the temple complex Besakih. There are opinions that say that the construction of the temple on the ground began Isaka 85 or the year 163 AD. Construction of the temple complex in Pura Besakih nature accompanied by gradual and sustained restoration efforts and improvements made continuously over time.

 

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